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Towards Ending Plastic Pollution by 2040: 15 Global Policy Interventions for Systems Change

Commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers and developed by Systemiq, this report is intended to support and inform the ongoing negotiations for an international, legally binding instrument to end plastic pollution by 2040.

Inaction on tackling plastic pollution under the Business as Usual Scenario could see annual virgin plastic production soar by 66%, from 430 million tonnes (Mt) in 2019 to 712 Mt in 2040, nearly doubling mismanaged plastics to 205 Mt and increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 63%, a trajectory which is incompatible with the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement.

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